Artist Kazimir Malevich created this oil on linen canvas painting in 1915. It measures 79.5 x 79.5 cm and is held by the Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow (10, Krymsky Val, Hall 6).
The Black Square became a symbol of a new interpretation of art in the 20th century. It was as if Malevich had closed down the history of figurative art with this black screen and his vision of an art of painting that would “create” not just “copy.” In this work, Malevich presents the initial shape (a square) and the basic colors (white and black): black being the absence of any color, and white, the merging of all colors. In the artist’s opinion, such a solution contains the potential for any painting, and so one could not judge this work with the usual criteria. “Black Square” is a unique manifesto of Suprematism, the art movement invented by Malevich. ~ Tretyakov Gallery